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Emotional Wellbeing and Mental Health

Types of mental health issues


National Studies suggest that in the UK, about 1 in 10 of all young people may experience a mental health problem or disorder. These studies also emphasise that it is important to get help early, conditions are treatable and getting the help early can prevent problems getting more serious. There are different types of mental health issues that affect children and young people.


Depression can be started by a number of things, such as: parents divorcing or separating; feeling ignored and unloved or not being listened to; losing friends; changing school or moving home; worries about their looks, sexuality, health, exams or abuse.


NHS Choices - Is your child depressed?


Young Minds- Parents Helpline 0808 802 5544


Eating disorders generally develop over time, sometimes over years, and often at a point when life brings fear and insecurity. Anorexia nervosa is an illness in which people keep their body weight low by dieting, vomiting, or excessively exercising. The illness is caused by  an anxiety about body shape and weight that originates from a fear of being fat or from wanting to be thin. Bulimia nervosa is an illness in which people feel that they have lost control over their eating. As in anorexia nervosa, they evaluate themselves according to their body shape and weight. Indeed in some instances (although not all), bulimia nervosa develops out of anorexia nervosa.


Young Minds – Eating Problems


Boy Anorexia


B-EAT – Symptoms



Self-harm is when someone sets out to hurt themselves deliberately. It is often done in private as a way of coping with very difficult emotions. Recent research estimates that 10 per cent of 15-16 year olds have self-harmed, usually by cutting themselves, and that girls are more likely to self-harm than boys. Self-harm can be a way for a young person to show they are feeling a lot of pain and hurt. There are many reasons why young people might harm themselves - although the need to self-harm usually comes from emotions they find difficult to manage. The emotions could relate to any number of things, such as bullying or abuse, or indicate other concerns.


Young Minds - Self-Harm 


If your child needs someone to talk to information below about Big White Wall and Kooth may be useful.


Big White Wall

Big White Wall is a free, anonymous, online resource for young people aged 16-18 (as well as 16-25 year-olds with Special Educational Needs) living in Southend Essex or Thurrock. Commissioned by NELFT, it provides young people who are feeling down, anxious, angry or stressed and who may benefit from a little extra support, a safe community to talk about their feelings and share their experiences with others who feel the same. There is a library of resources to help young people understand how they are feeling and trained counsellors, called Wall Guides, online 24/7 to keep the service safe – visit the Big White Wall website for more information.


Kooth, the new online counselling service for young people in Essex is a free, confidential, safe and anonymous way for young people aged 11-26th birthday to ask for help from a team of highly qualified and experienced counsellors and support workers.

KOOTH service includes:

• drop in chats with counsellors;

• booked 1:1 chats with a counsellor;

• themed message forums;

• secure web-based email;

• articles regarding mental health.

Targeted and specialist support is available for young people whose needs suggest they require a more in-depth, time-specific period of intervention. Please read the EWMHS booklet which contains more information, including the types of issues the service can help with and the support available. The booklet also contains information about how to refer to these specialist services and contact information for young people, parents, guardians, care givers, responsible adults and other professionals. If you have any questions about the EWMHS, please email Clare Hardy, Head of Commissioning (People) at Essex County Council.


Further support for Parents