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Water Safety

Water Safety Guidance

Wise up to Water Safety

The Essex Safeguarding Children Board has launched its ‘Wise up to water safety’ campaign. During the summer we know families enjoy being in the garden, but of course many family gardens contain ponds, water butts and paddling pools or even hot tubs and swimming pools, all of which can be a potential hazard. 


In recent years in Essex there have been three child deaths where the cause of death has been found to be falling into, and drowning, in a residential swimming pool. We want to raise awareness of the hazards of water and help people realise it's not just swimming pools that pose a danger. Any water area of more than a few centimetres in depth in the garden can be a hazard for young children; it takes just three minutes to drown in less than two inches of water. 


If you own a swimming pool, paddling pool or hot tub, take a moment to WALK through our simple guidance to #splashsafely


REMEMBER: A child can drown in just a few inches of water within seconds, often silently and without a splash, but by taking a few simple steps you can greatly reduce the risk of accidents.


Download PDF of Poster 1

Download PDF of Poster 2

Download PDF of  leaflet


Walk the boundaries- Make sure you have fences around any water area in your garden


Avoid tripping hazards-  Keep any water area in your garden tidy and safe from toddling feet


Learn to swim- It's never too early to enrol children in swimming lessons


Keep watching- Children should always be supervised around water


Boundaries and Fencing

Residential swimming pools should have boundaries or fencing which:

• Should be at least 1.2meters high

• Should not be accessible from underneath – children can squeeze through very small gaps!

• Should remain closed and not be propped open, with selfclosing and self-latching gates

• Should not be accessible to unaccompanied children

Drain paddling pools when not in use and cover hot tubs and garden ponds securely if fencing isn’t an option.


Think neighbour! Make sure your garden fences are secure so toddling feet can’t wander into a neighbouring garden, which may
have a pond or pool.

Keeping pools, ponds and tubs secured is crucial but there are other precautions you can take to keep your children safe around water.


Water Safety Advice for Older Children


The summer holidays offer lots of adventures, playing with friends, and soaring temperatures. And a great way to have fun and cool off is of course being near water. But that poses a risk too. Although most water related accidents can be avoided if a few simple rules are followed.

Lakes, rivers and locks
Swimming in an open body of water like a river, lake, or lock is different from swimming in a pool. There may be hidden dangers beneath the water that you don’t know about.

Buddy up - Always swim with a partner. Even experienced swimmers can become tired or get muscle cramps, which might make it difficult to get out of the water. When people swim together, they can help each other or go for help in case of an emergency.

Know your limits - If you're not a good swimmer or you're just learning to swim, don't go in water that's so deep you can't touch the bottom and don't try to keep up with skilled swimmers. If your mates are daring you to go further than you’re comfortable with, or capable of, it can be hard to say no, but it's a pretty sure bet they'd rather have you safe and alive.
If you are a good swimmer and have had lessons, keep an eye on friends who aren't as comfortable or as skilled as you are. If it seems like they (or you) are getting tired or a little uneasy, suggest that you take a break from swimming for a while.

By the sea

Swimming in an open body of water, like the sea is different from swimming in a pool. More energy is needed to handle the currents and other changing conditions in the open water.

If you do find yourself caught in a current, don't panic and don't fight the current. Try to swim parallel to the shore until you are able to get out of the current, which is usually a narrow channel of water. Gradually try to make your way back to shore as you do so. If you're unable to swim away from the current, stay calm and float with the current. The current will usually slow down, then you can swim to shore.


More information on water safety by the sea can be found on the RNLI Respect the Water webpages.


Tombstoning offers a high-risk, high-impact experience that can have severe and life-threatening consequences. This is because:


Don't jump into the unknown. Consider the dangers before you take the plunge:


More information on tombstoning can be found on the RoSPA website.